It is a strange omission since at the time ‘pro-Boer fever’ engulfed nationalist Ireland. Search each of the Websites and sources listed under the state(s) where your ancester lived. But the game was up and by mid-September 1900 MacBride could hardly control his men as they moved over the great escarpment and down into the hot and humid lowveld. The retreat across the eastern Transvaal highveld had begun. In 1901 Lynch had got himself elected to an Irish seat in parliament, something MacBride had not achieved; but returning from Paris to England, he had been arrested, tried and convicted of high treason. The South African Irish then returned with other units of 5 Brigade to Kenya and, embarking at Mombasa on 18 April, reached Suez on 1 May 1941. The Colour was hung in the old St Mary's Cathedral, Johannesburg, but was, most regrettably, lost when the Cathedral moved from what is now Darragh House to its present site; and, despite the most intensive inquiries, cannot now be traced. Hence, the unit was in action three months after it was raised. In 1843 two companies of the 45th and one of the 27th Regiment of Foot pitched camp on Maritzburg Hill, naming the hill Fort Napier after Sir George Napier, the Governor of the Cape. After 1916 and Independence in 1922, that … With testimonials from State Secretary Reitz and General Botha in his pocket, Major MacBride said farewell to his horse, Fenian Boy, and, with what was left of his brigade, boarded a train which clattered across the great iron bridge over the Komati River and into Portuguese territory. Thus, the usual designation was simply 'South African Irish'. According to tradition, they descended from HEREMON, son of MILLISIUS, the first absolute Monarch of Ireland. In 1939 the First South African Irish Regiment was reformed through the efforts of Maj Twomey, Capt Jeoffreys and Capt Cullinan (son of Sir Thomas Cullinan, of diamond fame). Place names such as Upington, Porteville, Caledon, Cradock, sir Henry Lowry's Pass, the Biggarsberg Mountains, Donnybrook and Belfast reflect Irish impact on the development of the subcontinent. The records say the women from Dublin were obtained from “the usual sources”, which I … The Top 100 Surnames in Ireland. Other formations, such as Militia, Volunteers and Yeomanry have also seen service in South Africa either as units or as reinforcements for the regular forces, especially during the Anglo-Boer War of 1899-1902. Up to this point, the Irish contribution to the British military effort in South Africa had been discussed, whether this contribution was in the form of Irish units forming part of the regular British military establishment or autonomous ('colonial') units, as in the case of Driscoll's Scouts. Divided into two sections of 100 men each, led by Cols Blake and Lynch, it comprised mainly Irish Americans, whose motives varied widely. In 1943 the unit returned to the Union of South Africa, to become 4/22 Field Regiment, South African Artillery. A group of officers who returned to Mersa Matruh after the battle of Sidi Rezegh. There were two sets of fathers and sons. Cmdt Twomey decided that, in remembrance of the time when the Regiment was an Artillery unit, the top left handcuff button on the khaki jacket should be a chrome South African Artillery button. But lucky as ever, and much to the regret of many of MacBride’s men, Lynch escaped the hangman’s noose and was eventually pardoned. Born: 23 Jul 1927 Died: 09 Aug 2017 Basil Daniel Vivian Hearne, Forever in our hearts dad! Brought to South Africa by settlers of French decent some time in the past 300 years. Between the accession of Queen Elizabeth II(1952) and the institution of the Republic, the St Edward's Crown was worn by Majors and Warrant Officers on the shoulder straps and sleeves. Compared with the 4,452 casualties in the war from Irish regiments this is insignificant, but it was the activities of ‘MacBride’s Brigade’ which had caused excitement in Ireland. They were also issued with horses and had to spend several painful days on the highveld learning to ride. Between 1902 and 1905, there were about 5,000 Irish immigrants. An Irish surname, a variant of Crosbie. However, despite this constantly changing complexion (which now, one assumes, has ended, with the firm establishment of the Regiment as an infantry unit in 1960) the echoes of the Irish tradition in South African military history remain a consistent feature of the Regiment's history. '(2) They carried out field and garrison duties and had as a companion Irish unit the 8th Dragoons (Kings Royal Irish Dragoons, later the 8th Kings Royal Irish Hussars). '(3), At a later point in South African history, the 27th Regiment of Foot (later 1 Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers) was involved in the campaign on the Eastern Cape frontier in 1835. Morale at this time was excellent. Pages in category "Surnames of Irish origin" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 525 total. These men had a thorough knowledge gained from experience of all the roads, mountain passes, fords through rivers as well as a knowledge of the dialects spoken in the country. This was at most 150-strong and soon only about fifty in number. One will search Ireland in vain to find a counterpart: a memorial to those Irish soldiers who died fighting in the two Irish commandos in the Boer army. The surname Leahy was first found in County Tipperary (Irish: Thiobraid Árann), established in the 13th century in South-central Ireland, in the province of Munster, where they held a family seat from very ancient times, and were descended from the tribe of Uaithne. '(4), Hence, the 27th Regiment laid the foundations of the British colony in Natal. At the top of Dublin’s Grafton Street, at the corner of Stephen’s Green, stands a handsome triumphal arch—still referred to by some locals as ‘traitors’ gate’—which commemorates the ‘officers, non-commissioned officers and men’ of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers who fell in the second Anglo-Boer war (1899-1902). Note: Pronunciation marks were not copied. were brought to South Africa as slaves. At a later date, a new badge minus the crown was produced in Pretoria, to be worn by all non-commissioned ranks, officers continuing to wear the original badge, minus the crown, which was of silver. Here MacBride had his horse shot from under him, but the major survived. Sometimes also a given name for boys. The new combined Irish force now moved to the front line in the Orange Free State. On 6 October 1899, the Irish Transvaal Brigade mobilised and boarded trains for the Transvaal-Natal frontier. A locale in the United States. At the battle of Modderspruit, the Irish commando lost several men, including the eighteen-year-old Tommy Oates from Killarney, whose father was also in the unit. Generally speaking, they were courageous but inferior to the Boers in skill, and more than on one occasion, (e.g., at Elandslaagte and Magersfontein) allowed themselves to be surrounded, captured or destroyed. Blake and some of the lads remained and for the next eighteen months, these Irish ‘bitter-enders’ harassed the British army along the line of the Pretoria-Delagoa railway line through the Transvaal, on one occasion, 7 January 1901, defeating a unit of the Royal Irish Regiment at Monument Hill. Reports of a son born in the Transvaal to MacBride would emerge only eighty years later. When peace came in May 1902, most of the Irish had little choice but to make their way to Europe or America, where MacBride’s men had preceded them. Twomey, son of Major George Twomey commanded the Regiment between 1956 and 1965 and became Honorary Colonel in 1977. The O Boyles were chieftains in Donegal, ruling west Ulster with the O Donnells and the O … Welcome to South African Ancestry: We would suggest that first time visitors to the South African Ancestry website first do a search on the surnames that you are researching to see what records are available on the South African Ancestry database. It was denounced by one member of MacBride’s outfit as ‘fifty or sixty soreheads, greasers, half-breeds and dagos…a gang of hobos’. Farmers trusted them to such a degree that they would leave their houses and cattle in their charge whilst they set out with their produce for Cape Town. The Freedom of the City has been conferred upon the South African Irish Regiment by both the Johannesburg and Barberton Municipalities, in the former case cementing the long and close ties between the city and the Regiment. Well grown, well set up, and 1 300 strong, the regiment excited universal admiration and, its regimental records add, it was perhaps the finest body of men that ever came to this country. It is a genuine, personal, value for money research service. Until the end of November the survivors served with New Zealand forces; after this date, they rejoined the decimated Brigade at Mersa Matruh. Ireland Ireland Emigration and Immigration Finding an Irish Ancestor Using South African Records. TYPE LEER. The Irish were among the first to cross the Tugela River and capture Captain Long’s field-artillery pieces. The second Irish Transvaal Brigade was posted to the Helpmekaar Pass on the Biggarsberg where they fought well during the Boer retreat up to Laing’s Nek on the Natal border. Their action helped to stabilize the British position(6). There were the professional men: the lawyers, dentists and doctors. This precedence, however, may be elevated if a claim to an earlier date of establishment is officially recognized. Indeed, it was said to be the one Foreign Corps in the general confusion of the time that achieved some distinction. By resisting the British advance for over an hour it gained valuable time for the remainder of the force engaged. A third of the Cape's governors were Irish, as were many of the judges and politicians. Irish commando members fought in the battles of Spion Kop and Vaal Krantz, as well as in the final battle of Tugela Heights when Buller’s army, with its 5th (Irish) Brigade, broke through and relieved Antrim-born General Sir George White in Ladysmith. The dress for the South African Irish in 1914-15 shared the common features of the uniform of South African military forces, and as with many other units on active service, the slouch hat or sun helmet was worn. A cat-and-mouse game with the British cavalry began—with the Irish as the mouse. As 11 Battery, 4 Field Regiment, South African Artillery, the Irish were once again in action at El Alamein, and fired their first shot in the engagement on 24 September 1942, at 22h00. On Saturday, 29 January 1921, at Milner Park, Johannesburg, the South African Irish Regiment was presented with the King's Colour by Prince Arthur of Connaught, the (then) Governor-General of the Union of South Africa, in recognition of its service in German South West Africa. However, a green shamrock cloth patch was worn on the left-hand side of the hat or helmet. Although South Africa did not attract large scale migration, many Irish immigrated in small numbers throughout the 19 th century. F.H. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. Find your Irish ancestry with John Grenham's expert system. In this form it returned to North Africa as a component of 6 South African Armoured Division, later serving in Italy. (ORIENTAL - 1841 M... ----------------------------------------------------------------- At the end of World War 2, in view of the resurrection of Active Citizen Force units, Col Cullinan requested that the Regiment be reformed as an infantry unit. Early Origins of the Cloete family. Whereas many Irishmen served in units composed of their countrymen which were to found distinguished records in the annals of the British Army, others remained bitter opponents of the Protestant monarchy. Irishmen in the Service of the Boer Republics. At the beginning of 1845 the detachment from the 27th rejoined the remainder of the regiment at Fort Peddie on the Eastern frontier of the Cape. A service provided by, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Finding_an_Irish_Ancestor_Using_South_African_Records&oldid=2779854, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. MacBride was in overall command. When it became clear that the South African Republic would go to war with Britain, clandestine Irish meetings were held in John Mitchell’s clothes cleaning shop in Johannesburg and by September 1899, with the help of a South African-Irishman named Solomon Gillingham, a proposal for a 700-strong Irish Transvaal Brigade was accepted by the Boer government. In all, some 300 men joined the Irish brigade, including a Catholic chaplain, some Gaelic speakers and about forty Protestants. Nelson is a western name, Rolihlahla is an African name and Mandela is derived from his clan, Madiba. Some of the most popular Irish surnames in the US, explained Driscoll, who had previously served in Burma during the earlier part of the Anglo-Boer War and who decided to come to South Africa with the specific intention of forming an Irish unit. The aim of this project is to create a collection of profiles and family-trees of all Irish in South Africa, in order to add profiles you will need to join this project first by clicking on the Action button on the top right corner of this page and select join project. The Irish-English section, containing over 7,000 entries, gives the original form of the surname and its precise meaning, then its English equivalent and the former and present location in Ireland. Before long Blake had left the Irish commando altogether to fight elsewhere and for the last two months of its existence, MacBride was in sole command. It is of interest to note that the appellation 'Sportsmen's Battalion' was largely due to the influence of Maj Twomey, who was extremely active in South African sport and prominent in the South African Amateur Boxing Association, the South African Athletics Association, and the South African Olympic Games Association. The South African Irish Regiment was a unit within 4 South African Infantry Brigade in Col Skinner's Northern Force and embarked from Cape Town on 21 December 1914. Cullinan was the Transport Officer in East Africa and later the Honorary Colonel of the Regiment. The Irish in South Africa genealogy project - geni family tree South African Irish Officers in Pretoria 1914. This was one of a handful of foreign commandos raised to support the Transvaal and its sister republic, the Orange Free State. Authority was granted by Defence Headquarters and Lt Col Brennan, VD (Volunteer Decoration), was appointed as Commanding Officer, with Maj Twomey as Recruiting Officer. The Irish had fought well in the war. Born - Lived in Limerick/Clare? Tempers frayed. Later the Scouts formed part of 8 Division and were part of the force concentrated to oppose the incursions into the Cape Colony by the forces of Gen Smuts. The following Irish units served: 1 Bn Connaught Rangers 1 and 2 Bns Royal Dublin Fusiliers 1 Bn Royal Irish Regiment 1 Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 1 and 2 Bns Royal Irish Fusiliers 2 Bn Royal Irish Rifles 1 and 2 Bns Leinster Regiment 1 Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers 8th (Kings Royal Irish) Hussars 6th Inniskilling Dragoons 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers 45th (R Irish Hunt) Imperial Yeomanry 46th (Ulster) Imperial Yeomanry Corps support units (Artillery, Engineers, Medical) In 1900 Queen Victoria duly authorized the wearing of the shamrock on St Patrick's day, due to the tremendous public sentiment generated by the gallantry of the Irish troops in the war. Driscoll's Scouts was founded by Capt D.P. PLEASE NOTE: This is ONLY a listing of who is interested in which South African families. Irish Genealogy Services was set up and is run by a full time, Irish based professional genealogist with a background in Irish heritage (see About). I maintain the list. Soon the Irish lads were safe, but bored, in the mountains of the nearby Biggarsberg. And finally there were the Irish in British Colonial police forces. Cochran, who succeeded Lt Col Dobbs, was wounded. Brazil. For example Kelly 97%, O’Kelly 3% means that 3% of the Kelly families use the "O" before the family name.) In Dublin, 1899 was a dry run for 1916. Nineteenth century South Africa did not attract mass Irish immigration, but Irish communities are to be found in Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, Kimberley, and Johannesburg, with smaller communities in Pretoria, Barberton, Durban and East London. This was not helped by the Boer army’s democratic structure and cavalier attitude to military discipline. When the rising finally came, though, MacBride stumbled on it by accident—but was soon once again number two in a fighting unit. Blake's section distinguished itself at Pepworth, near Ladysmith, where it stood its ground under a hail of British shrapnel, dragging a great deal of ammunition up the hill. Slightly after the famine, but my great-great-granny was a Kennaway girl, a group of Irish girls, supposedly over 18, but granny was 16, who sailed aboard the ‘Lady Kennaway’ to South Africa in 1857. Family emigrated to S.A - Port Elizabeth about 1849 onboard the ship "ORIENT" or "ORIENTAL" from Plymouth, England to Port Elizabeth, South Africa Towards the end of the War Lynch's section was in action in the Barberton and neighbouring regions. The Irish in South Africa played an important part of the European history and development of the country. HONORARY COLONELS, COMMANDING OFFICERS AND REGIMENTAL SERGEANT MAJORS Honorary Colonels. At this time the caubeen (a headdress exclusive to Irish regiments) was replaced by the green beret. Driscoll's Scouts also took part in the final operations directed against Gen de la Rey in the Western Transvaal. Each index and source covers a different time period. The event was, however, ‘painfully dry’. Pub 1892, Dublin. Besides personal names, there is a section on Irish clan names, which are of great importance in tracing the early history of Irish families. Driscoll, DSO, commander of Driscoll's Scouts during the Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902. Lynch’s commando survived only a couple of months and by the time the British army was south of Johannesburg, it had disintegrated and Lynch was thinking of clearing out of South Africa. Recruits were quickly found and the battalion formed up at Booysens Camp, Johannesburg, on 9 September 1914, its establishment consisting of six companies. Continuing change. The helmet plate of the regiment is a magnificent specimen and closely resembles that of the Connaught Rangers who were contemporary. A large contingent of Irish troops fought in the Anglo-Boer War on both sides and a few of them stayed in South Africa after the war. On 26 December 1914 outposts of the South African Irish came into contact, and conflict, with German patrols. A pipe band was formed, the pipes and music being obtained in Eire and the personnel wearing saffron kilts and green stockings. Filed Under: ... Ancestry / Genealogy The publication of Blake’s war memoir, Davitt’s The Boer Fight for Freedom, and later of a series of thirteen articles by MacBride in the Freeman’s Journal kept this memory alive. The South African Irish Regiment was allied in 1940 to the London Irish Rifles, and after the war, former prisoners-of-war met their comrades in London. In April 1940 the regiment, under Lt Col J.A. Check out this list of top 100 Irish surnames. HQ, Support Company and 'A' Company were recruited in Central Johannesburg, 'B' Company on the East Rand and 'C' Company on the West Rand. Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree. Irish Argentines are Argentine citizens who are fully or partially of Irish descent. 6 Coy South African Irish in Pretoria 1914. DEPOT KAB Irish Genealogy Services offers a worldwide facility providing professionally researched histories of families, individuals and houses. As the months progressed, disunity spread in Irish ranks. Both the Cape Colony and the colony of Natal had Irish prime ministers: Sir Thomas Upington , "The Afrikaner from Cork"; and Sir Albert Hime , from Kilcoole in County Wicklow. South Africa Online Genealogy Records This chart shows links to countrywide collections. The 27th Regiment of Foot discussed earlier, reappears during the Basuto War of the mid-1880s, together with the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons. MacBride and Blake took their unit to Johannesburg, where they were joined by fifty-eight members of an Irish-American ‘ambulance corps’ from Chicago and New York. In this form, it was involved in controlling the disturbances of 1960-1961 in South Africa. Unlike the English ‘uitlanders’, these Irish settlers supported Kruger’s government and in turn when a 1798 celebration was held in Johannesburg—an event which eclipsed that in Dublin—Afrikaners were prominent at both the march and banquet. During the Zulu War of 1879, the 88th Regiment of Foot (Connaught Rangers) was involved, whilst the 94th Regiment of Foot (later 2 Bn Connaught Rangers) served in the First South African War of Independence of 1880-1881. NIALL is an Irish word which means CHAMPION. There had also been a certain amount of dissension in Irish ranks. It's important to understand what's covered instead of assuming that every Web site and source is complete for every year and every name. Most of the surnames of the Brazilian population have a Portuguese origin, due to Portuguese colonization in the country (it is estimated that 80% of the Brazilian population has at least one Portuguese ancestor), while other South American countries were largely colonized by the Spanish. This is because many people from West Africa, India, Madagascar, Indonesia etc. Irish Surnames (3,500+) Irish Clan Names (140+) NOTE: For convenience sake this online version has converted the old Irish letters used in the original text to the roman alphabet, and exchanged the lenited or dotted consonants to their equivalents in the latter, e.g. It is a Dutch/Flemish variant on the word Lowe, meaning Lion. Those echoes may be defined in terms of tenacity and daring, which nobody could deny to the South African Irish. These included Celtic Literary Society members John MacBride and Arthur Griffith. Pronunciation : case sensitive: see the pronunciation key for a guide on how to write the sounds; sounds can only be searched in names that have been assigned pronunciations * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation example: *lee matches names which end with the sound lee _ is a wildcard that will match exactly one letter in the pronunciation Little if any thought was given to the prospect of joining a Calvinist army and, as in Ireland, the plight of the black population was not an issue; hatred of the English and the prospect of the rebirth of the wild geese were the simple rationales. Among the casualties resulting from this action was the Second-in-Command, Maj Ward Clare. Irish Genealogy Hub is a voluntary group dedicated to publishing FREE Irish ancestry records online for anyone with Irish roots or Irish family history. A soldier of the 45th has supplied some interesting reminiscences of this time and mentions that the Grenadier Company of the 27th was 'the finest in the army, the tallest man being 'Long Hines' who stood 6 feet 8 inches, whilst the shortest was 6 foot.'. The Section under Col Lynch was also involved in the fighting around Ladysmith and was particularly acclaimed following its stand near Dundee in the general Boer withdrawal. Irish journalists worked on major newspapers and often edited them, the most important being Frederick St. Leger, founder and editor of the Cape Times. The Cape Town Irish Rifles may be said to represent the first predecessor of the South African Irish Regiment, in so far as it was the first indigenous South African unit with a distinct ethnic Irish component. The regiment also participated in the capture of Mega (18 February 1941). The Table shown here gives a listing of the 100 most commonly names found in Ireland and their meanings. In November 1939 the Union Defence Forces had approved of the formation of the unit and two months later parades were held and details forwarded to the South African Military College at Roberts Heights concerning courses of instruction. However, a greater mark of appreciation of the bravery of Irish troops in South Africa was accorded when, a short while later, the Queen also deemed it appropriate that an Irish regiment of Foot Guards be formed, to be designated the 'Irish Guards'. I think it is fair to say that the surname “Dick” would get quite a bit of abuse from most western, English-speaking citizens. Kelly 97%, O’Kelly 3% 3. Others, however, were determined not to vacate the town without a struggle and one of the fiercest firefights was in Orange Grove as the British army pressed the retreating Irish from street to street. Perhaps because of this they were initially assigned to accompany and guard one of the great French Creusot fortress guns, or ‘Long Toms’, of Commandant Trichardt’s Transvaal State Artillery. Indeed, until their amalgamation in the 1960s (with other regiments of the North Irish Brigade, the Royal Irish Rangers), they were still commonly referred to as the 'Faughs'. Meaning ‘sea-battler,’ this name… On Wednesday 11 October, in a severe thunderstorm, the brigade crossed into British territory. Only a few men, however, had fighting experience. Some of the brigade’s members also fought opposite the Dublin Fusiliers at the battle of Colenso on 15 December. DE BEER Afrikaans De Beer is a Dutch and Afrikaans surname, meaning "the bear" ... Louw is a surname that has pre 7th century Germanic origins. You e-mail me the surnames you are interested in, and I send you the e-mail address(es) of the person(s) who are researching these surnames for their own family history. 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